Introduction of Nara Canal Area Water Board


The Nara Canal is an excavated waterway in Sindh province, Pakistan. It was built as an excavated channel off the left bank of the Indus River into the course of the old Nara River. The canal runs from above the Sukkur Barrage through the Khairpur, Sanghar and Tharparkar Districts to the Jamrao Canal. Nara is the longest canal in Pakistan, running for about 226 mi (364 km). It has a designed capacity of 13,602 cu ft/s (385.2 m3/s), but actually discharges 14,145 cu ft/s (400.5 m3/s). About 2,000,000 acres (8,100 km2) of land are irrigated by this canal.[3] Within the Khairpur District, the canal and its associated wetlands were made into the Nara Game Reserve in 1972.


The second tier of the water management system consists of Area Water Boards (AWBs). The Area Water Boards will be responsible for:

•  operation and maintenance of the main and branch canals.

•  distribution of irrigation water to the FOs.

•  maintenance of intermediate drainage infrastructure.

•  the collection of revenue where no FOs currently exist.

•  paying SIDA for the irrigation water received.

•  charging FOs for the irrigation water they distribute to them.

A Board in which farmers are represented will manage the AWB. The Director will report to the Board.

Additionally, the Area Water Boards supply drinking water and water for industrial purposes, and assist in the protection against floods.

Most Area Water Boards have one canal under their jurisdiction. However, The Left Bank Canal Area Water Board is responsible for the Fulleli and Akram Wah canals, and the Western Canal Area Water Board has both the Rice Canal and the Dadu Canal under its jurisdiction..